Bali travel voyage - Bali Tour and Travel in Indonesia Bali Agence de Voyage pour des séjours en Indonésie

17 / 10 / 2017
6:14 am


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Monday, October 16, 2017

Happy New year from Indonesia

Indonesia is by definition a pluralistic society. Few countries in the world can brag about the diversity of their demographic mix the way Indonesia can.

The nation is made up of two major races: Malays inhabit the western part of the archipelago and Melanesians the east. Then there are many minorities, including Chinese, Arab, Indian and Eurasian, that enrich this racial mix. Indonesia is also made up of hundreds of ethnic and cultural groups. The Javanese, the inhabitants of Central and East Java, are the dominant group. Among the major ethnic groups are the Sundanese (West Java), the Bataks (North Sumatra), the Bugis (South Sulawesi), the Minang (West Sumatra), the Manado (North Sulawesi) and the Balinese. At the other end of the spectrum we have the minority (and often marginalized) groups such as the Betawi (the original inhabitants of Jakarta), the Dayaks (Borneo) and the hundreds of tribes in Papua. While Indonesian is the official and uniting language, most Indonesians speak their own ethnic language or dialect. Islam is the dominant religion and Indonesia is the country with the world's largest Muslim population, accounting for 88 percent of its 240 million people. But Indonesia is not an Islamic state. Non-Muslims mostly live in concentrated pockets dotting the archipelago: Hindus in Bali, Christians in East Nusa Tenggara, southern Maluku, Papua, North Sulawesi and parts of North Sumatra. Indonesia is a showcase of pluralism: The very notion that all groups categories for which now include economic, rural, urban, gender, sexual orientation and generational in society can coexist, largely though not always in peace, tells you that something must be working. Indonesia's founding fathers, who came up with the Unity in Diversity concept, understood very well that pluralism is the belief that would keep this nation united, for better or for worse. They knew that a society as diverse as Indonesia could function only if every group and every individual was accorded the same rights and place in society. Pluralism does not mean that everyone is equal, something that many religious leaders fear and therefore vehemently oppose. It does mean, however, that every religion and every faith has the right to exist and that their followers have the right to practice their faith.